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dc.contributor.authorAnwer, Saba
dc.contributor.authorWaris, Asim
dc.contributor.authorGilani, Syed Omer
dc.contributor.authorIqbal, Javaid
dc.contributor.authorShaikh, Nusratnaaz
dc.contributor.authorPujari, Amit N.
dc.contributor.authorNiazi, Imran Khan
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-25T10:00:02Z
dc.date.available2022-01-25T10:00:02Z
dc.date.issued2022-01-19
dc.identifier.citationAnwer , S , Waris , A , Gilani , S O , Iqbal , J , Shaikh , N , Pujari , A N & Niazi , I K 2022 , ' Rehabilitation of Upper Limb Motor Impairment in Stroke: A Narrative Review on the Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Economic Statistics of Stroke and State of the Art Therapies ' , Healthcare , vol. 10 , no. 2 , e190 . https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10020190
dc.identifier.issn2227-9032
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 26700003
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 336a758c-d345-4a46-a4f6-e97d7d813d5a
dc.identifier.otherJisc: ddb1beb403694094804b80bf863db1e2
dc.identifier.otherJisc: ddb1beb403694094804b80bf863db1e2
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/25322
dc.descriptionThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.description.abstractStroke has been one of the leading causes of disability worldwide and is still a social health issue. Keeping in view the importance of physical rehabilitation of stroke patients, an analytical review has been compiled in which different therapies have been reviewed for their effectiveness, such as functional electric stimulation (FES), noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) including transcranial direct current stimulation (t-DCS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (t-MS), invasive epidural cortical stimulation, virtual reality (VR) rehabilitation, task-oriented therapy, robot-assisted training, tele rehabilitation, and cerebral plasticity for the rehabilitation of upper extremity motor impairment. New therapeutic rehabilitation techniques are also being investigated, such as VR. This literature review mainly focuses on the randomized controlled studies, reviews, and statistical meta-analyses associated with motor rehabilitation after stroke. Moreover, with the increasing prevalence rate and the adverse socio-economic consequences of stroke, a statistical analysis covering its economic factors such as treatment, medication and post-stroke care services, and risk factors (modifiable and non-modifiable) have also been discussed. This review suggests that if the prevalence rate of the disease remains persistent, a considerable increase in the stroke population is expected by 2025, causing a substantial economic burden on society, as the survival rate of stroke is high compared to other diseases. Compared to all the other therapies, VR has now emerged as the modern approach towards rehabilitation motor activity of impaired limbs. A range of randomized controlled studies and experimental trials were reviewed to analyse the effectiveness of VR as a rehabilitative treatment with considerable satisfactory results. However, more clinical controlled trials are required to establish a strong evidence base for VR to be widely accepted as a preferred rehabilitation therapy for stroke.en
dc.format.extent20
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofHealthcare
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectstroke
dc.subjectrehabilitation
dc.subjecttele rehabilitation
dc.subjectelectric stimulation
dc.subjectvirtual reality (VR)
dc.subjectepidural
dc.subjectNIBS
dc.subjectrisk factors
dc.subjectmodifiable
dc.subjectnon-modifiable
dc.titleRehabilitation of Upper Limb Motor Impairment in Stroke: A Narrative Review on the Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Economic Statistics of Stroke and State of the Art Therapiesen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Engineering and Technology
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Physics, Engineering & Computer Science
dc.contributor.institutionBioEngineering
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Engineering Research
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Computer Science
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Physics, Engineering & Computer Science
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-01-19
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10020190
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
rioxxterms.typeOther
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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