Distribution of Surgical Smoke Particles within a Simulated Laparoscopic Cavity Utilizing an AirSeal® System
An exploratory study was performed to determine the distribution of surgical smoke particulate matter (SSPM) and evacuation times within an AirSeal® System and a traditional insufflation access system in various simulated surgical scenarios. Identified trends showed statistical significance when setting the AirSeal® System to Low smoke evacuation that it reduces the percentage of particulate matter at the Access Port opening. Additionally, it was observed that when utilizing a laparoscopic tool a similar trend in particle distributions were seen between either insufflation and access system at the opening of the Access Port and trocar. Evacuation times for SSPM removal within the AirSeal® System showed an overall average to ≥ 95% reduction of 5.64 min within the surgical cavity, 3.69 min at the Access Port opening, and 3.61 min within the smoke evacuation line. The overall average for the traditional insufflation and access system was 9.38 min within the surgical cavity and 6.06 min at the trocar opening. Results showed that when using the traditional system compared to the AirSeal® System, it resulted in a percent change increase in evacuation times of 66.31% within the surgical cavity and 64.23% at the trocar opening.