Substrate- dependent regulation of intracellular amino acid concentrations in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells
Baydoun, A. R.
Amino acid deprivation induces adaptive changes in amino acid transport and the intracellular amino acid pool in cultured cells. In this study intracellular amino acid levels were determined in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (EC) deprived of L-arginine or total amino acids for 1, 3, 6 and 24 h. Amino acid concentrations were analyzed by reverse phase HPLC after precolumn derivatisation. Under normal culture conditions levels of L-arginine, L-citrulline, total essential and non-essential amino acids were 840 ± 90 μM, 150 ± 40 μM, 11.4 ± 0.9 mM and 53.3 ± 3.4 mM (n = 9), respectively. In EC deprived of L-arginine or all amino acids for 24 h L-arginine and L-citrulline levels were 200 μM and 50 μM, and 670 μM and 100 μM. Deprivation of L-arginine or total amino acids induced rapid (1 h) decreases (30 – 50%) in the levels of other cationic (lysine, ornithine) and essential branched-chain (valine, isoleucine, leucine) and aromatic (phenylalanine, tryptophan) amino acids. L-glutamine was reduced markedly in EC deprived of total amino acids for 1 h – 6 h but actually increased 3-fold in EC deprived of L-arginine for 6 h or 24 h. Arginine deprivation resulted in a rapid decrease in the total intracellular amino acid pool, however concentrations were restored after 24 h. Increased amino acid transport and/or reduced protein synthesis may account for the restoration of amino acid levels in EC deprived of L-arginine. The sustained reduction in the free amino acid pool of EC deprived of all amino acids may reflect utilization of intracellular amino acids for protein synthesis.