Light scattering from non-spherical airborne particles : experimental and theoretical comparisons
Kaye, Paul H.
A laser light-scattering instrument has been designed to permit an investigation of the spatial intensity distribution of light scattered by individual airborne particles constrained within a laminar flow, with a view to providing a means of classifying the particles in terms of their shape and size. Ultimately, a means of detecting small concentrations of potentially hazardous particles, such as asbestos fiber, is sought. The instrument captures data relating to the spatial distribution of light scattered from individual particles in flow. As part of an investigation to optimize orientation control over particles within the sample airstream, the instrument has been challenged with nonspherical particles of defined shape and size, and a simple theoretical treatment based on the Rayleigh-Gans formalism has been used to model the spatial intensity distribution of light scattered from these particle types and hence derive particle orientation data. Both experimental and theoretical scattering data are presented, showing good agreement for all particle types examined.