Holonomy Embedding for Arbitrary Stable Semigroups
We show how the Rhodes expansion Ŝ of any stable semigroup S embeds into the cascade integral (a natural generalization of the wreath product) of permutation-reset transformation semigroups with zero adjoined. The permutation groups involved are exactly the Schützenberger groups of the -classes of S. Since S ←← Ŝ is an aperiodic map via which all subgroups of S lift to Ŝ, this results in a strong Krohn–Rhodes–Zeiger decomposition for the entire class of stable semigroups. This class includes all semigroups that are finite, torsion, finite -above, compact Hausdorff, or relatively free profinite, as well as many other semigroups. Even if S is not stable, one can expand it using Henckell's expansion and then apply our embedding. This gives a simplified proof of the Holonomy Embedding theorem for all semigroups.