Internal turbulence, virality, and density bounding of the most luminous H II regions in the spiral galaxy M 100
We present TAURUS Fabry-Perot velocity data in Ha emission of the disc of the grand design spiral M 100 (NGC 4321). We have studied the emission spectra of the 200 Hii regions most luminous in H , calibrated in luminosity using photometric H imaging from the literature. The emission spectra of individual Hii regions were fitted using one or more Gaussian functions, and analyzed in terms of their velocity dispersion. We concentrate on the question of whether the emission lines show values of their internal velocity dispersions of Hii regions which would be predicted from the virial theorem, and find that in general this is not the case. There is a systematic trend to super-virial line widths, characteristic of the non-equilibrium effects of powerful OB stellar winds, and supernovae. We propose that the lower envelope in velocity dispersion , in the plot of H luminosity v. represents the virialized regions, and give a tentative theoretical explanation for its slope of 2.6 in the log–log plane, in terms of density bounding for the regions of highest luminosity.