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dc.contributor.authorBencs, L.
dc.contributor.authorRavindra, K.
dc.contributor.authorde Hoog, J.
dc.contributor.authorSpolnik, Z.
dc.contributor.authorBleux, N.
dc.contributor.authorBerghmans, P.
dc.contributor.authorDeutsch, F.
dc.contributor.authorRoekens, E.
dc.contributor.authorVan Grieken, R.
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-26T14:16:56Z
dc.date.available2010-10-26T14:16:56Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationBencs , L , Ravindra , K , de Hoog , J , Spolnik , Z , Bleux , N , Berghmans , P , Deutsch , F , Roekens , E & Van Grieken , R 2010 , ' Appraisal of measurement methods, chemical composition and sources of fine atmospheric particles over six different areas of Northern Belgium ' , Environmental Pollution , vol. 158 , no. 11 , pp. 3421-3430 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.07.012
dc.identifier.issn0269-7491
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 177854
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d0c57a33-7464-4792-a0c5-4d30346f0878
dc.identifier.otherdspace: 2299/4922
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 77956617158
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/4922
dc.descriptionOriginal article can be found at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02697491 Copyright Elsevier Ltd.
dc.description.abstractDaily and seasonal variation in the total elemental, organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) content and mass of PM2.5 were studied at industrial, urban, suburban and agricultural/rural areas. Continuous (optical Dustscan, standard tapered element oscillating microbalance (TEOM), TEOM with filter dynamics measurement system), semi-continuous (Partisol filter-sampling) and non-continuous (Dekati-impactor sampling and gravimetry) methods of PM2.5 mass monitoring were critically evaluated. The average elemental fraction accounted for 2-6 % of the PM2.5 mass measured by gravimetry. Metals, like K, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn and Pb were strongly inter-correlated, also frequently with non-metallic elements (P, S, Cl and/or Br) and EC/OC. A high OC/EC ratio (2-9) was generally observed. The total carbon content of PM2.5 ranged between 3-77 % (averages: 12-32 %), peaking near industrial/heavy trafficked sites. Principal component analysis identified heavy oil burning, ferrous/non-ferrous industry and vehicular emissions as the main sources of metal pollution.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofEnvironmental Pollution
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectrespirable particles
dc.subjectheavy metals
dc.subjectmineral content
dc.subjectEDXRF analysis
dc.subjectmultivariate analysis
dc.subjectnon-exhaust emission
dc.titleAppraisal of measurement methods, chemical composition and sources of fine atmospheric particles over six different areas of Northern Belgiumen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics
dcterms.dateAccepted2010
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.07.012
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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