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dc.contributor.authorLaws, K.R.
dc.identifier.citationLaws , K R 2004 , ' Sex differences in lexical size across semantic categories ' , Personality and Individual Differences , vol. 36 , no. 1 , pp. 23-32 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 194938
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 2c01c8c2-6bf2-4e52-91b9-8c0414e4de0e
dc.identifier.otherdspace: 2299/5313
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 0344944063
dc.descriptionOriginal article can be found at: Copyright Elsevier Limited [Full text of this article is not available in the UHRA]
dc.description.abstractRecent studies have reported that males show better naming of nonliving things than females, while females show better naming of living things than males. Such effects may reflect sex differences in the size of lexicons across categories or their access/retrieval strategies. These possibilities were examined in three experiments using semantic fluency tasks for two living (animals, fruits) and two nonliving (tools, vehicles) categories. Experiment 1 documented better fluency for ‘fruits’ in females (n=300) and for ‘tools’ and ‘vehicles’ in males (n=300). Experiment 2 examined fluency consistency by re-testing a subgroup of subjects again 30 min later. This confirmed the pattern across sex and revealed that subjects reproduced 70% of the same words (even when not instructed to do so). Finally, in Experiment 3, a new sample of male and female subjects was tested for 4 min to exhaust their fluency lexicons and overcome access/strategy effects. This confirmed the female advantage for fruits and male advantage for tools. These findings are consistent with differences in the size of lexicons for males and females and are attributed to sex differences in domain-specific processing systems.en
dc.relation.ispartofPersonality and Individual Differences
dc.subjectgender differences
dc.subjectcategory specificity
dc.subjectnormative data
dc.titleSex differences in lexical size across semantic categoriesen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review

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