First results from the Calan–Hertfordshire Extrasolar Planet Search : exoplanets and the discovery of an eccentric brown dwarf in the desert
We report the discovery of a brown dwarf on an eccentric orbit and with a semimajor axis that places it in the brown dwarf desert region around the star HD 191760. The star has a spectral type of G3IV/V and a metallicity ([Fe/H]) of 0.29 dex. HD 191760 adds to the small number of metal-rich stars with brown dwarf companions. The brown dwarf (HD 191760b ) is found to have an orbital period of 505.57 ± 0.40 d and semimajor axis of 1.35 ± 0.01 au , placing it firmly in the brown dwarf desert. The eccentricity of HD 191760b is found to be 0.63 ± 0.01 , meaning it reaches as close as 0.5 au from the host star. Dynamical simulations indicate that no inner planets could reside at separations beyond ∼0.17 au due to the disastrous gravity imposed by HD 191760b . In addition to these first results, we also refine the orbits found for the exoplanets around the stars HD 48265, HD 143361 and HD 154672. All one-planet solutions are in agreement with those previously published by the Magellan Planet Search.