Both Bradley and Biology : reply to Rudd.
Rudd is right to observe that it is, “significant that the paper repeatedly mentions “basic” or “primitive” emotions” (Rudd: this volume). And he is sensitive enough to note that, “ Hutto does recognize that the “basic” emotions are open to modification in particular cases (17), so he doesn’t accept the full avocado pear model – his view suggests rather the image of a (genetically modified?) avocado whose core is itself somewhat malleable” (Rudd: this volume). This too is right, only I see the avocado core as being modified culturally or through individual experience, not genetically. My view is that some of our interpersonal response patters are re-tied through enculturation.