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dc.contributor.authorKvavilashvili, L.
dc.contributor.authorKornbrot, D.
dc.contributor.authorMash, V.
dc.contributor.authorCockburn, J.
dc.contributor.authorMilne, A.
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-08T14:01:18Z
dc.date.available2011-08-08T14:01:18Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationKvavilashvili , L , Kornbrot , D , Mash , V , Cockburn , J & Milne , A 2009 , ' Differential effects of age on prospective and retrospective memory tasks in young, young-old, and old-old adults ' , Memory , vol. 17 , no. 2 , pp. 180-196 . https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210802194366
dc.identifier.issn0965-8211
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 194006
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 473e91d6-4c02-4ef8-ad7e-3352ce5a13c9
dc.identifier.otherdspace: 2299/4124
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 60549112004
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-7166-589X/work/41661210
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/6064
dc.descriptionOriginal article can be found at : http://www.informaworld.com/ Copyright Informa / Taylor and Francis Group.
dc.description.abstractRemembering to do something in the future (termed prospective memory) is distinguished from remembering information from the past (retrospective memory). Because prospective memory requires strong self-initiation, Craik (1986) predicted that age decrements should be larger in prospective than retrospective memory tasks. The aim of the present study was to assess Craik's prediction by examining the onset of age decline in two retrospective and three prospective memory tasks in the samples of young (18-30 years), young-old (61-70 years), and old-old (71-80 years) participants recruited from the local community. Results showed that although the magnitude of age effects varied across the laboratory prospective memory tasks, they were smaller than age effects in a simple three-item free recall task. Moreover, while reliable age decrements in both retrospective memory tasks of recognition and free recall were already present in the young-old group, in laboratory tasks of prospective memory they were mostly present in the old-old group only. In addition, older participants were more likely to report a retrospective than prospective memory failure as their most recent memory lapse, while the opposite pattern was present in young participants. Taken together, these findings highlight the theoretical importance of distinguishing effects of ageing on prospective and retrospective memory, and support and extend the results of a recent meta-analysis by Henry, MacLeod, Phillips, and Crawford (2004).en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofMemory
dc.rightsOpen
dc.titleDifferential effects of age on prospective and retrospective memory tasks in young, young-old, and old-old adultsen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionHealth & Human Sciences Research Institute
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology
dc.contributor.institutionLearning, Memory and Thinking
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=60549112004&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dcterms.dateAccepted2009
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1080/09658210802194366
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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