Light scattering by complex ice-analogue crystals
Kaye, Paul H.
Angle-dependent light scattering measurements on single ice analogues crystals are described. Phase functions and degree of linear polarization are measured for electrodynamically levitated crystals. A procedure for randomizing particle orientation during levitation is demonstrated. The dependence of scattering on the shape, complexity and surface roughness of the crystals is examined. The phase functions from complex crystals with smooth surfaces show little dependence on shape. There is close agreement between the measured functions and the analytic phase function for ice clouds. However, rosettes with rough surfaces have qualitatively different phase functions, with raised side and back scattering. The asymmetry parameter is typically about 0.8±0.04 and 0.63±0.05 for smooth and rough crystals, respectively. The 22o halo peak is present for smooth rosettes and aggregates but absent for rough rosettes. Two-dimensional scattering patterns from several crystals in fixed orientations are also shown. The results suggest that it may be possible to use such patterns to discriminate not only between crystals of different shape but also to obtain some information on surface properties.