UK Renal Registry 11th Annual Report : Chapter 3 : ESRD incident rates in 2007 in the UK : national and centre-specific analyses.
Introduction: This chapter describes the characteristics of adult patients starting renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the UK in 2007 and the acceptance rate for RRT in Primary Care Trusts (PCT) or equivalent Health Authority (HA) areas in the UK. Methods: The basic demographics are reported for all UK centres and clinical characteristics of patients starting RRT from all except 1 centre in the UK. Late presentation, defined as time between first being seen by a nephrologist and start of RRT being <90 days was also studied. Age and gender standardised ratios for acceptance rate in PCTs or equivalent HAs were calculated. Results: In 2007, the acceptance rate in the UK was 109 per million population (pmp) compared to 111 pmp in 2006. Acceptance rates in England (107 pmp), Scotland (108 pmp) and Northern Ireland (105 pmp) have fallen slightly, whilst that in Wales (140 pmp) has risen. There were wide variations between PCTs/HAs with respect to the standardised ratios which were lower in more PCTs in the North West and South East of England and higher in London, the West Midlands and Wales. The median age of all incident patients was 64.1 years and for non-Whites 57.1 years. There was an excess of males in all age groups starting RRT and nearly 80% of patients were reported to be White. Diabetic renal disease remained the single most common cause of renal failure (21.9%). By 90 days, 67.4% of patients were on haemodialysis, 21.3% on peritoneal dialysis, 5.2% had had a transplant and 6.1% had died or had stopped treatment. The incidence of late presentation in those centres supplying adequate data was 21%. Conclusions: The acceptance rate has fallen in England, Northern Ireland and Scotland but continues to rise in Wales with wide variations in acceptance rate between PCTs/HAs.