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dc.contributor.authorGazzard, Alison
dc.date.accessioned2011-11-24T12:01:03Z
dc.date.available2011-11-24T12:01:03Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationGazzard , A 2009 , Teleporters, tunnels & time : Understanding warp devices in videogames . in Proceedings of DiGRA2009 . Digital Games Research Association , DiGRA2009 , Netherlands , 14/09/09 . < http://www.digra.org/ >
dc.identifier.citationconference
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 459279
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 434f5f30-cd97-4859-8b40-f1d45b4c7ee6
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/7116
dc.descriptionOriginal paper can be found at: http://www.digra.org/dl/db/ Copyright 2009 Authors & Digital Games Research Association (DiGRA). Personal and educational classroom use of this paper is allowed, commercial use requires specific permission from the author.
dc.description.abstractThe warp is a device that reframes notions of time and space. It is a common cultural artefact, one that audiences have come to recognise and believe in through various media. We accept the bed in Bedknobs and Broomsticks, the Tardis in Doctor Who, the supralight speed engines of science fiction, as time/space travel devices in order to get characters from A to B, to advance their progress along the story path. The warp as a path device can also be seen in board games such as Snakes and Ladders, where both the snake and ladder sections break the linearity of moving the character piece from square to square regularly up and down the game-board. It is therefore natural that such a time/space device has continued and been reconstructed within videogames. The virtual gameworld is itself a place able to reconstruct time and space; both Juul [10] and Atkins [3] discuss how players’ perceptions of time and narrative elements within the videogame can be rearranged, but the warp, a significant ‘re-arranger’, is rarely discussed further or in detail. The warp is used as a common device within videogames to transport the player from their location to somewhere else within the gamespace. Although commonly acknowledged through the hidden tunnels within Super Mario Bros, the warp is not a straightforward device, and can manifest itself in various ways during gameplay. It may be found in deliberately installed puzzles, and by the ‘aberrant player’ [7]. It may be a way of avoiding danger, of ‘jumping’ over sections previously achieved, or even of cheating. It may be the punishment for straying from a ‘good path’, or the reward for a particular act. Whatever its use or function, the warp exists within the virtual world as a means of managing time, space and narrative. The warp turns paths experienced by the player into fixed ‘tracks’, where navigational control is removed whilst in the warp sequence, and understanding the warp in this way allows us to further understand the player’s relationship with the game paths they are moving along, the stories they move within. This paper discusses the multiple characteristics of the warp by identifying its use in contrasting videogame genres. These characteristics open up ways of discussing the aesthetics of the warp experience for the player and how its use affects path structures as well as time and narrative elements within videogames. The discussion will include both the built in, deliberately installed ‘puzzle-based’ warps and the ‘inadvertent warps’ sought by those seeking to discover more of the games ‘algorithm.’en
dc.format.extent7
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherDigital Games Research Association
dc.relation.ispartofProceedings of DiGRA2009
dc.subjectwarp
dc.subjectspace
dc.subjecttime
dc.subjectnarrative
dc.subjectpath
dc.titleTeleporters, tunnels & time : Understanding warp devices in videogamesen
dc.contributor.institutionSocial Sciences, Arts & Humanities Research Institute
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Creative Arts
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.digra.org/
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.typeOther
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


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