Predatory behaviour of trapping fungi against srf mutants of Caenorhabditis elegans and different plant and animal parasitic nematodes
de Gives, P M
Clark, S. J.
Behnke, J M
The initial infection process of nematode-trapping fungi is based on an interaction between the trapping structure of the fungus and the surface of the nematode cuticle. A bioassay was designed to investigate the predatory response of several isolates of nematode-trapping fungi against 3 mutants of Caenorhabditis elegans (AT6, AT10 and CL261), which have been reported to differ in the reaction of their cuticle to antibodies and lectins. The bioassay was also applied to infective larvae of animal (Haemonchus contortus, Teladorsagia (Ostertagia) circumcincta and Trichostrongylus axei) and plant (Meloidogyne spp.) parasitic nematodes. Differences in trapping ability were most marked in the first 24 h, and were density dependent. Although the isolate of Arthrobotrys responded very rapidly in the first 24 h, Duddingtonia flagrans was generally the most effective isolate and Monacrosporium responded relatively poorly throughout all experiments. All the fungi tested trapped the srf mutants of C. elegans more efficiently than the wild type, and there were differences between the different srf mutants of C. elegans. Differences in trapping ability were also observed between different isolates of D. flagrans; similarly,differences in trapping behaviour were observed not only amongst the different species of plant-parasitic nematodes, but also between the sheathed and exsheathed larvae of the animal-parasitic nematodes.