Pharmacokinetics of acetylcholinesterase reactivator K203 and consequent evaluation of low molecular weight antioxidants/markers of oxidative stress
Oxime K203 is a new compound designed to be used as an acetylcholinesterase reactivator for the treatment of intoxication following exposure to tabun and certain pesticides. After intramuscular administration of a therapeutic (23 mg/kg) dose, the time-course of plasma concentrations of K203 in rats was determined by HPLC. Maximum concentrations were reached between 40 and 60 min (16.5±2.1 μg/ml in 40 min and 16.6±2.0 in 60 min, respectively) with the concentration being relatively constant during this period. There was no significant effect on the plasma concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) during the administration of K203, indicating an absence of oxidative stress. Indeed, administration of K203 led to a significant increase in low molecular weight antioxidants which could tentatively be interpreted as representing a beneficial effect.