Unawareness after stroke : A review and practical guide to understanding, assessing, and managing anosognosia for hemiplegia
Jenkinson, Paul M
Ellis, Simon J
How should stroke patients with poor motor awareness be managed? This question is important because unawareness (or anosognosia) is related to poor rehabilitation and prognosis. This narrative review provides a guide for clinicians and (applied) academics to understanding, assessing and managing anosognosia. Questions addressed are: What is anosognosia? What causes anosognosia? How can anosognosia be assessed? And how can anosognosia be managed? We suggest that anosognosia is a multifaceted disorder, with diverse neuroanatomical and psychopathological origins. Assessment should measure various aspects of awareness, and management should be multidimensional to address problems with motor function, awareness, and emotional/motivational disturbance.