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dc.contributor.authorCorkery, John
dc.contributor.authorSchifano, Fabrizio
dc.contributor.authorOyefeso, Adenekan
dc.contributor.authorGhodse, A. Hamid
dc.contributor.authorTonia, Thomy
dc.contributor.authorNaidoo, Vinesha
dc.contributor.authorButton, Jennifer
dc.identifier.citationCorkery , J , Schifano , F , Oyefeso , A , Ghodse , A H , Tonia , T , Naidoo , V & Button , J 2011 , ' 'Bundle of fun' or 'bunch of problems'? Case series of khat-related deaths in the UK ' , Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy , vol. 18 , no. 6 , pp. 408-425 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 451108
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: f292060f-71e4-4f1c-81b1-fa7405dc8af6
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000296016500002
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 80054993960
dc.description.abstractTwenty million people worldwide use khat (Catha edulis). Previously confined to Eastern Africa and Arabia, consumption is spreading to other regions. Chewing khat leaves releases the stimulants cathinone and cathine. Khat consumption has adverse health consequences including myocardial infarction, liver failure, depression, psychoses and dependence. Literature regarding khat-related mortality is scant: only one death (in 1945) due to physiological complications, and a small number of fatalities due to psychological problems associated with long-term khat use have been reported. However, deaths associated with khat do occur. Thirteen deaths in the UK occurring in 2004-2009 associated with khat consumption are described. All decedents were males (mean age 35). Four deaths resulted from the physiopathological consequences of long-term khat use; liver failure (3), left ventricular failure and pulmonary oedema (1). In a further case, the deceased died of a cardiovascular event precipitated by khat use causing either an infarction or electrical instability (arrhythmia) leading to death. Three confirmed and one possible suicide occurred of individuals with psychoses caused and/or exacerbated by long-term khat consumption. An accidental overdose of an anti-psychotic occurred where schizophrenia was exacerbated by khat use. Impaired judgment due to khat and alcohol led to two fatalities in road accidents. One fatality resulted from heroin intoxication, but khat was also present. Khat-consuming communities and health professionals need to be aware of the physiological and psychological effects of khat, together with the risks for mortality associated with its use.en
dc.relation.ispartofDrugs: Education, Prevention and Policy
dc.subjectkhat/qat/Catha edulis deaths
dc.subjectUnited Kingdom
dc.title'Bundle of fun' or 'bunch of problems'? : Case series of khat-related deaths in the UKen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Pharmacy
dc.contributor.institutionHealth & Human Sciences Research Institute
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Clinical Practice, Safe Medicines and Drug Misuse Research
dc.contributor.institutionPrescription and Illicit Drug Misuse
dc.contributor.institutionPublic Health
dc.contributor.institutionPatient and Medicines Safety
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review

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