A Fingerprint Matching Model using Unsupervised Learning Approach
Bello Abdulazeez, Muhammed
The increase in the number of interconnected information systems and networks to the Internet has led to an increase in different security threats and violations such as unauthorised remote access. The existing network technologies and communication protocols are not well designed to deal with such problems. The recent explosive development in the Internet allowed unwelcomed visitors to gain access to private information and various resources such as financial institutions, hospitals, airports ... etc. Those resources comprise critical-mission systems and information which rely on certain techniques to achieve effective security. With the increasing use of IT technologies for managing information, there is a need for stronger authentication mechanisms such as biometrics which is expected to take over many of traditional authentication and identification solutions. Providing appropriate authentication and identification mechanisms such as biometrics not only ensures that the right users have access to resources and giving them the right privileges, but enables cybercrime forensics specialists to gather useful evidence whenever needed. Also, critical-mission resources and applications require mechanisms to detect when legitimate users try to misuse their privileges; certainly biometrics helps to provide such services. This paper investigates the field of biometrics as one of the recent developed mechanisms for user authentication and evidence gathering despite its limitations. A biometric-based solution model is proposed using various statistical-based unsupervised learning approaches for fingerprint matching. The proposed matching algorithm is based on three various similarity measures, Cosine similarity measure, Manhattan distance measure and Chebyshev distance measure. In this paper, we introduce a model which uses those similarity measures to compute a fingerprint’s matching factor. The calculated matching factor is based on a certain threshold value which could be used by a forensic specialist for deciding whether a suspicious user is actually the person who claims to be or not. A freely available fingerprint biometric SDK has been used to develop and implement the suggested algorithm. The major findings of the experiments showed promising and interesting results in terms of the performance of all the proposed similarity measures.