The Absence of Diffuse Gas around the Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy Leo I
We have obtained spectra of three QSO/AGNs with the GHRS aboard the Hubble Space Telescope to search for absorption from low column density gas in the halo of the dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxy Leo I. The probe sight lines pass 2.1, 3.7, and 8.1 kpc from the center of the galaxy, but no C IV, Si II, or Si IV absorption is found at the velocity of Leo I. The absence of low-ionization species suggests that the column density of neutral hydrogen that exists within 2È4 kpc of the galaxy is N(H I)[1017 cm~2; assuming that the high-ionization lines of Si IV and C IV dominate the ionization fraction of silicon and carbon, the limit to the total hydrogen column is N(H)[1018 cm~2. Our results demonstrate that there are no dense flows of gas in or out of Leo I and that there is no evidence for tidally disrupted gas that might have accompanied the galaxyÏs formation or evolution. However, our detection limits are insufficient to rule out the existence of a sphere or shell of ionized gas around the dSph, with a mass up to that constituting the entire galaxy. Our models show that dSph galaxies similar to Leo I are not massive enough to have halos that can contribute signiÐcantly to the metal line absorption cross section of QSO absorbers seen at high redshift.