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dc.contributor.authorBottoms, Lindsay
dc.contributor.authorPrice, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-12T19:06:46Z
dc.date.available2015-08-12T19:06:46Z
dc.date.issued2014-06-30
dc.identifier.citationBottoms , L & Price , M 2014 , ' The effect of arm training on thermoregulatory responses and calf volume during upper body exercise ' , European Journal of Applied Physiology , vol. 114 , no. 6 , pp. 1113-1122 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2842-9
dc.identifier.issn1439-6319
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 8756907
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 7b4e4837-2e2b-4e96-8009-e56151566dba
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 24549489
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84901388081
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4632-3764/work/92337160
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/16215
dc.descriptionThe final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2842-9.
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: The smaller muscle mass of the upper body compared to the lower body may elicit a smaller thermoregulatory stimulus during exercise and thus produce novel training-induced thermoregulatory adaptations. Therefore, the principal aim of the study was to examine the effect of arm training on thermoregulatory responses during submaximal exercise. METHODS: Thirteen healthy male participants (Mean ± SD age 27.8 ± 5.0 years, body mass 74.8 ± 9.5 kg) took part in 8 weeks of arm crank ergometry training. Thermoregulatory and calf blood flow responses were measured during 30 min of arm cranking at 60% peak power (W peak) pre-, and post-training and post-training at the same absolute intensity as pre-training. Core temperature and skin temperatures were measured, along with heat flow at the calf, thigh, upper arm and chest. Calf blood flow using venous occlusion plethysmography was performed pre- and post-exercise and calf volume was determined during exercise. RESULTS: The upper body training reduced aural temperature (0.1 ± 0.3 °C) and heat storage (0.3 ± 0.2 J g(-1)) at a given power output as a result of increased whole body sweating and heat flow. Arm crank training produced a smaller change in calf volume post-training at the same absolute exercise intensity (-1.2 ± 0.8% compared to -2.2 ± 0.9% pre-training; P < 0.05) suggesting reduced leg vasoconstriction. CONCLUSION: Training improved the main markers of aerobic fitness. However, the results of this study suggest arm crank training additionally elicits physiological responses specific to the lower body which may aid thermoregulation.en
dc.format.extent10
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectArm
dc.subjectBody Temperature Regulation
dc.subjectExercise
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectLeg
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectMuscle, Skeletal
dc.titleThe effect of arm training on thermoregulatory responses and calf volume during upper body exerciseen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionHealth & Human Sciences Research Institute
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology of Movement
dc.contributor.institutionSport, Health and Exercise
dc.contributor.institutionAdaptive Physiology and Functional Nutrition
dc.contributor.institutionHealth and Wellbeing
dc.contributor.institutionWeight and Obesity Research Group
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Accepted Version
dcterms.dateAccepted2014-06-30
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2842-9
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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