Applying Multi-Criteria Optimisation to Develop Cognitive Models
A scientific theory is developed by modelling empirical data in a range of domains. The goal of developing a theory is to optimise the t of the theory to as many experimental settings as possible, whilst retaining some qualitative properties such as `parsimony' or `comprehensibility'. We formalise the task of developing theories of human cognition as a problem in multi-criteria optimisation. There are many challenges in this task, including the representation of competing theories, coordinating the t with multiple experiments, and bringing together competing results to provide suitable theories. Experiments demonstrate the development of a theory of categorisation, using multiple optimisation criteria in genetic algorithms to locate pareto-optimal sets.