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dc.contributor.authorKouroupa, Athanasia
dc.contributor.authorLaws, Keith R.
dc.contributor.authorIrvine, Karen
dc.contributor.authorMengoni, Silvana E.
dc.contributor.authorBaird, Alister
dc.contributor.authorSharma, Shivani
dc.contributor.editorVassalle, Cristina
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-23T09:30:01Z
dc.date.available2022-06-23T09:30:01Z
dc.date.issued2022-06-22
dc.identifier.citationKouroupa , A , Laws , K R , Irvine , K , Mengoni , S E , Baird , A , Sharma , S & Vassalle , C (ed.) 2022 , ' The use of social robots with children and young people on the autism spectrum: A systematic review and meta-analysis ' , PLoS ONE , vol. 17 , no. 6 , e0269800 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0269800
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 27646283
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d396d844-f783-4ee0-a458-c1f6cb882366
dc.identifier.otherJisc: 405534
dc.identifier.otherJisc: 405534
dc.identifier.otherpublisher-id: pone-d-22-06805
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4087-3802/work/114942175
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/25562
dc.description© 2022 Kouroupa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.description.abstractBackground: Robot-mediated interventions show promise in supporting the development of children on the autism spectrum. Objectives: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we summarize key features of available evidence on robot-interventions for children and young people on the autism spectrum aged up to 18 years old, as well as consider their efficacy for specific domains of learning. Data sources: PubMed, Scopus, EBSCOhost, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, ACM Digital Library, and IEEE Xplore. Grey literature was also searched using PsycExtra, OpenGrey, British Library EThOS, and the British Library Catalogue. Databases were searched from inception until April (6th) 2021. Synthesis methods: Searches undertaken across seven databases yielded 2145 articles. Forty studies met our review inclusion criteria of which 17 were randomized control trials. The methodological quality of studies was conducted with the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies. A narrative synthesis summarised the findings. A meta-analysis was conducted with 12 RCTs. Results: Most interventions used humanoid (67%) robotic platforms, were predominantly based in clinics (37%) followed home, schools and laboratory (17% respectively) environments and targeted at improving social and communication skills (77%). Focusing on the most common outcomes, a random effects meta-analysis of RCTs showed that robot-mediated interventions significantly improved social functioning (g = 0.35 [95%CI 0.09 to 0.61; k = 7). By contrast, robots did not improve emotional (g = 0.63 [95%CI -1.43 to 2.69]; k = 2) or motor outcomes (g = -0.10 [95%CI -1.08 to 0.89]; k = 3), but the numbers of trials were very small. Meta-regression revealed that age accounted for almost one-third of the variance in effect sizes, with greater benefits being found in younger children. Conclusions: Overall, our findings support the use of robot-mediated interventions for autistic children and youth, and we propose several recommendations for future research to aid learning and enhance implementation in everyday settings. PROSPERO registration: Our methods were preregistered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42019148981).en
dc.format.extent25
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS ONE
dc.subjectResearch Article
dc.subjectEngineering and technology
dc.subjectBiology and life sciences
dc.subjectSocial sciences
dc.subjectMedicine and health sciences
dc.subjectResearch and analysis methods
dc.subjectPeople and places
dc.subjectPhysical sciences
dc.titleThe use of social robots with children and young people on the autism spectrum: A systematic review and meta-analysisen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology and Sports Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology, Sport and Geography
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Research in Psychology and Sport Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionCognitive Neuropsychology
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology and NeuroDiversity Applied Research Unit
dc.contributor.institutionHealth and Clinical Psychology group
dc.contributor.institutionBasic and Clinical Science Unit
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Health Services and Clinical Research
dc.contributor.institutionBehaviour Change in Health and Business
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0269800
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


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