Characterization of the human HCN1 subunit and its inhibition by capsazepine
The human hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated 1 (hHCN1) subunit was heterologously expressed in mammalian cell lines (CV-1 and CHO) and its properties investigated using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. Activation of this recombinant channel, by membrane hyperpolarization, generated a slowly activating, noninactivating inward current. The pharmacological properties of hHCN1-mediated currents resembled those of native hyperpolarization-activated currents (Ih), that is, blockade by Cs+ (99% at 5 mM), ZD 7288 (98% at 100 μM) and zatebradine (92% at 10 μM). Inhibition of the hHCN1-mediated current by ZD 7288 was apparently independent of prior channel activation (i.e. non-use-dependent), whereas that induced by zatebradine was use-dependent.